Gender-based violence (GBV) refers to any form of violence or abuse that is directed at an individual based on their gender or sex. It is a violation of human rights and can take many forms, including physical, sexual, emotional, and economic violence.
GBV disproportionately affects women and girls, although men and boys can also experience GBV. GBV can occur in both private and public settings, including within the home, in the workplace, in schools, and in communities.
Some examples of gender-based violence include domestic violence, sexual assault and harassment, female genital mutilation/cutting, forced marriage, human trafficking, and honor killings. GBV can have severe and long-lasting physical, psychological, and social consequences for survivors, as well as for their families and communities.
It is important to note that gender-based violence is never the fault of the victim. However, there are some steps that women and girls can take to reduce their risk of experiencing violence:
Educate yourself on your rights
Girls and women should know their rights and the laws that protect them. This includes knowing what constitutes gender-based violence and what actions to take if they experience it.
If you experience or witness gender-based violence, speak out. Silence only perpetuates the problem. Speak to someone you trust, or report the incident to the authorities. You can also reach as at Arise and Shine foundation, located in Morogoro Tanzania via mobile phone.
Be aware of your surroundings
When in public, be aware of your surroundings and avoid risky situations. Avoid walking alone in poorly lit areas or accepting rides from strangers or during the night.
Take self-defense classes
Self-defense classes can teach girls and women how to defend themselves in case of an attack. These skills can help build confidence and increase safety.
Advocate for change
Girls and women can advocate for policies and programs that promote gender equality and prevent violence. They can join community organizations and campaigns that work to end violence against women.
It is important to note that these steps should not be seen as a substitute for the responsibility of governments and societies to prevent gender-based violence. Women and girls should be able to live without fear of violence, regardless of their behavior or actions as well as to address gender-based violence through prevention measures and effective responses for survivors. This includes promoting gender equality and challenging harmful gender norms and stereotypes, strengthening laws and policies to protect against GBV, and providing support services to survivors.